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Saturday, July 14, 2012

Members of the Twelfth Dáil - Brendan Corish

Brendan Corish

Brendan Corish (19 November 1918 – 17 February 1990) was an Irish Labour Party politician, and leader of his party from 1960 to 1977. He also served in a number of cabinet positions, most notably as Tánaiste, Minister for Health and Minister for Social Welfare.

Born in Wexford, Corish was the son of Richard Corish, a well-known trade union official and Sinn Féin member. He was elected to the First Dáil shortly after the birth of his son and later joined the Labour Party, serving as a local and national politician until his death in 1945.

Corish was educated locally at Wexford CBS and, in his youth, he was a member of the 1st Wexford Scout troop (Scouting Ireland (CSI)). At the age of nineteen he joined the clerical staff of Wexford County Council.

Corish was elected to Dáil Éireann as a Labour Party candidate in the Wexford by-election in 1945, necessitated by the death of Corish's father who was the sitting TD.[1] He took a seat on the fractured opposition benches, as Fianna Fáil's grip on power continued.

Corish was retained his seat at the 1948 general election. Fianna Fáil returned as the largest party in the Dáil once again, however, Fine Gael, the Labour Party, the National Labour Party, Clann na Poblachta, Clann na Talmhan and a number of Independent candidates all came together to form the first inter-party government. Corish was not senior enough to join the cabinet, however, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministers for Defence and Local Government.

When the Second Inter-party Government was formed after the 1954 general election, Corish was appointed Minister for Social Welfare.

In 1960, Corish succeeded William Norton as Labour Party leader. He introduced new policies which made the party more socialist in outlook. However, the party moved carefully because 'socialism' was still considered a dirty word in 1960s Ireland. Corish claimed that Ireland would be 'Socialist in the Seventies'. To a certain extent he was right because Fine Gael and the Labour Party formed a coalition government between 1973 and 1977. Corish became Tánaiste and Minister for Health and Social Welfare.

In 1977, the Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave called a general election, and Fianna Fáil was returned to power in a landslide victory. Corish resigned as leader of the Labour Party, having signalled his intent to do so before the election. He was succeeded as party leader by Frank Cluskey. Corish retired from politics completely at the February 1982 general election.

Corish was married to his Phyllis, and they had three sons.

Brendan Corish died on 17 February 1990 in Wexford at the age of 71.

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